For thousands of years various cultures have explained physical manifestation with just four or five basic elements or principles. In ancient Western traditions, including astrology, there are said to be four elements: Fire, Earth, Air, & Water (Indian Ayurveda incudes a 5th element ether, which is the source of the other four). While Chinese traditions include metal & wood. For now, we will focus on the below four elements: fire, earth, air & water. These elements are very different to the elements of the Periodic Table. They are not substances but archetypal concepts that cannot exist separately from one another. Fire, earth, air & water are the names given to interdependent forces that combine to form everything that exists; and everything that exists contains all elements in various proportions.
It is the main influence of an element that gives each circumstance its unique character. These circumstances include the 12 Zodiac Signs. Each of the zodiac signs is ruled by an element: Fire, Earth, Air, & Water. And each of the elements is characterized by different strengths and tendencies. But how each star sign is affected by its element is unique to that sign. Although it is the key factor in the sign's character, the dominant element must be considered in combination with other factors, such as the sign's polarity & quality
Taurus, Virgo & Capricorn
In nature, earth is the raw resources from which much of our material existence is derived- from food to metals- and the place that subsumed life forms after death. This element is linked to wealth, possessions and grounding
Cancer, Scorpio & Pisces
Water connects and unifies all that lives. It heals, relaxes and nurtures. The waters of the earth, from the tiniest trickling mountain stream to the largest raging river, all eventually flows into the oceans or evaporate back into the air to fall as rain and flow again.